Activity C5: Weather and Climate
Read a climate report about your country / city to make distinctions and study the differences between weather and climate reports for your particular region.
- Weather Learning Log or Student Worksheet.
- Weather data from Activity 3: Track Weather like a Meteorologist.
- Climate world map: climate map
- How to Create a Climatogram step-by-step instructions
- Computer with Internet access.
Part 1: Weather and Climate
- Answer the following questions using the weather data that you recorded in your Weather Learning Logs from Activity 3: Track Weather like a Meteorologist.
- Did the weather report change every day? Every hour?
- Which day had the most precipitation? The least?
- Which day had the highest temperature? The lowest?
- Select one of the climate reports below for the country in which your city is located and read the information.
- What kind of information is given in the climate description?
- Locate and read about the climate region for your city using the following world climate map and climate descriptions
- Name at least three ways how climate reports are different from a weather report.
- When we look out the classroom window, are we looking at climate or weather? Why?
- What is the difference between weather and climate?
Part 2: Climate in your Region
- Graph the Climate Data: In your Weather Learning Log, you are going to create a comparison chart that displays both the average monthly temperature over one year in the form of a Line graph and average monthly precipitation over one year in the form of a Bar graph. Label the axis as shown in this example. When you graph the data, use the monthly averages of the temperature and precipitation from the links below:
(NOTE: If you have access to a spreadsheet program like Excel, you can copy and paste the data directly into the document)
- Did the average temperature you recorded in Activity 3 fall within the range of averages for the month?
- Which month had the highest temperature? The lowest?
- What was the average temperature for the year?
- How does the line graph for the annual temperature compare with the temperature line graph you made in Activity 4? Be specific.
- Was the total amount of precipitation you recorded during Activity 3 representative of the average for that month?
- Which month had the most precipitation? The least?
- What was the total precipitation for the year?
- How does the bar graph for the annual precipitation compare with the precipitation bar graph you made in Activity 4? Be specific.
Part 3: Final Conclusions
Write a brief report or create a tourism brochure, pamphlet, etc. describing the climate for your country / region. Be sure to include the following:
- the difference between climate and weather;
- the common characteristics of the climate region where your city is located;
- the average precipitation and temperatures for each month/season (you can include the graphs if you wish);
- how each of the three factors (latitude, elevation, and local geography) influence the temperature of your country / region;
- the "best" time of the year to visit your country and why; & and
- the "worst" time of the year to visit your country and why.